This project will broaden use and access to electric vehicles (EV) for Tribal communities in the Upper Midwest by deploying and assessing EVs, charging infrastructure, and outreach. The project team will also create a template based off their findings so that other communities can replicate this work. CEE will lead analysis of EV use and charging infrastructure metrics to quantify emissions reductions and the total cost of operation.

Project Summary


  • Develop plug-in EV charging infrastructure within Tribal communities and on major travel routes.
  • Deploy, assess, and optimize use of plug-in EVs by Tribal governments, utilities, schools, and businesses.


  • Install 59 DCFC hubs and 63 Level 2 charging stations, and ensure that all 23 Native Nations in ND, SD, and MN have at least one Level 2 charging station.
  • Distribute at least 19 EVs for use by Tribal governments, utilities, schools, and businesses.
  • Host 52 outreach events and 2 new workforce training programs to reach more than 10,000 attendees with support on EV use.

Non-energy benefits

  • Overcome historic transportation and economic inequities by introducing the newest EV technology and charging infrastructure with support.
  • Document the cost benefits, utility, and air quality improvements that EVs can offer rural drivers and Tribal Nations.
  • Serve as a resource for other Tribal Nations and rural communities seeking to address transportation, economic, and social inequities.