e21 Initiative: Phase I Report

The e21 Initiative aims to develop a more customer-centric and sustainable framework for utility regulation in Minnesota that better aligns how utilities earn revenue with public policy goals, new customer expectations, and the changing technology landscape. The initiative brings together key interests including utilities, consumer advocates, energy technology companies, other businesses, environmental and academic organizations, and government to accomplish this goal and enable Minnesota to continue to lead in shaping an electric system for the 21st century.

The e21 Initiative is convened by the Great Plains Institute and the Center for Energy and Environment with guidance from the following project partners: George Washington University Law School, Xcel Energy, and Minnesota Power.

About the Phase I Report

This report is written primarily for Minnesota’s electric utility regulators, policymakers, organizations representing ratepayers, and others who have a stake in the direction of Minnesota’s future energy system, and includes specific recommendations for statutory changes and regulatory action.

It is also e21’s hope that this report is useful to others outside of Minnesota who are grappling with similar issues, albeit in their own context. Please refer to Appendix C to view a map of other efforts working on the ‘utility of the future’ in the United States. To learn more about the e21 Initiative and how the recommendations were developed, please refer to the e21 Process section in Appendix A of this report.

When reading the e21 consensus recommendations, please note that these are intended as a cohesive package of ideas rather than as disparate options from which to pick and choose. In other words, the recommendations relate to and support one another, and only as a package do they reflect the consensus recommendation of e21 Participants. The Recommendations Background section provides detailed context and examples to describe the rationale and purpose of each recommendation.

Finally, since each utility in Minnesota is unique, the state’s implementation of e21’s recommendations should recognize the attributes and context within which each utility in Minnesota operates.

Full Report (PDF)
Phase I Report: Charting a Path to a 21st Century Energy System in Minnesota