Retrocommissioning of Condensing Boilers
Rebecca Olson, Ben Schoenbauer, Pat Huelman — Jan 2015
The project team found that the existing boilers in the study performed between 88% and 96% efficiency, and optimization improved the efficiency by only a percentage point or two. The team is now working to install new boilers for monitoring over the upcoming heating season, concentrating on identifying what is needed for a “quality installation” to achieve the listed efficiency from the start. Full project update
Why this research is needed
High-efficiency condensing boilers have been available in the residential market for many years, but consumer acceptance and market penetration is low. Furthermore, not all utilities offer incentives for these more efficient, but more expensive appliances. In part, condensing boilers’ low cost-effectiveness is due to lack of confidence in efficiency performance, tied to poor installations that limit energy savings.
Despite Minnesota’s estimated 180,000 homes that are heated with boilers, there have been few research projects aimed at optimizing condensing boiler installation and performance in the field. CEE’s study on commercial condensing boiler optimization indicates that quality installation would increase savings for most commercial condensing boilers, but there are significant differences between residential and commercial systems.
Project process and expected outcomes
This project team will interview HVAC companies and utility managers to learn more about their attitudes toward and experiences with high-efficiency condensing boilers. Innovation Exchange researchers will gather data on existing condensing boiler installations and monitor the performance of seven to nine residential systems. Researchers will retrocommission those systems, and provide quality
installation procedures for an additional seven to nine new installations. Both categories of boilers, retrocommissioned and new quality installations, will be monitored in the field to determine their energy savings and performance.
These project findings will be used to recommend quality installation and retrocommissioning best practices to ensure that all new and existing high efficiency condensing boilers in Minnesota achieve their expected efficiency. Throughout the process the project team will work closely with utilities, research partners, and contractors to disseminate this information and gain feedback on usability and adoption of a quality installation and retrocommissioning protocols.
*This project is supported by a grant from the Minnesota Department of Commerce, Division of Energy Resources through the Conservation Applied Research and Development (CARD) program, which is funded by Minnesota ratepayers.
Image Credit: Aaron Brown