Field Study of Standalone Dehumidification Efficiency Opportunities

Josh Quinnell, Ph.D. — Feb 2018


Project Update

The project team conducted a survey on dehumidifier systems, completed by 220 Minnesota homeowners. The data gathered will inform the site selection criteria used for long-term study and monitoring. The team is also developing and testing an instrumentation package to measure dehumidifier system performance. Read the full update.


Why This Research is Needed

Dehumidifiers are thought to be pervasive in our climate, but estimates vary widely because no Minnesota-specific research has been performed. Various estimates suggest anywhere between 8% and 66% of single-family homes in Minnesota have stand-alone dehumidifiers. Furthermore, average runtimes may exceed 2,000 hours per year. Using reported figures (power consumption ratings), this suggests stand-alone dehumidifiers can represent between 2% and 15% of single-family electrical end use. Moreover, prior work has shown that up to 90% of dehumidifiers fail to achieve their ENERGY STAR rated performance in operating conditions relevant to Minnesota (Cadmus, 2012). 

 

Project Process and Expected Outcomes

The project team will characterize stand-alone dehumidification in Minnesota through broad survey-based work, assess the motivation for dehumidification, monitor the energy performance and efficacy of stand-alone dehumidification to treat underlying problems, and examine alternative solutions including high-performance dehumidification, whole-house dehumidification, and management of air or water intrusion. Field monitoring will be performed on a representative sample to characterize energy consumption and water removal rates, and typical operating conditions throughout a dehumidification season. Energy performance and lifetime costs will be compared with best-in-class alternative units. Alternative solutions will be explored and compared, including operational strategies or unit placement, high-efficiency stand-alone dehumidification, combating water intrusion through air-sealing or leak-prevention, as well as whole-house dehumidification or zoning strategies that leverage central air conditioning units. Field data and operating comparisons of different units will support the review of the current ENERGY STAR based TRM calculation and changes that accommodate representative Minnesota operating conditions and measured field performance.
 


This project is supported by a grant from the Minnesota Department of Commerce, Division of Energy Resources through the Conservation Applied Research and Development (CARD) program, which is funded by Minnesota ratepayers.

image credit

Project Info

Timeline
2018-2020

Objectives
1. characterize stand-alone dehumidification in Minnesota

2. assess the motivation for dehumidification

3. monitor both the energy performance and efficacy of stand-alone dehumidification to treat underlying problems

4. consider alternative solutions including high-performance dehumidification, whole-house dehumidification, and managing air or water intrusion.

Utility Implementation
Dehumidifiers meeting ENERGY STAR program requirements are commonly rebated by utilities in Minnesota, but these programs assume a level of performance and operational characteristics that may not be achieved in practice.

Scope
Characterize stand-alone dehumidification systems in single-family homes

Non-Energy Impacts
Proper humidity control is not only a critical component of indoor comfort, but prolonged periods of excess humidity levels can lead to microbial growth and the deterioration of building elements.

CEE Contact
Josh Quinnell, Ph.D.


Sign-up-website-box.png